Free Christian Articles
Share your writings, sermons, articles, testimonies here. Our goal is "Spread the Gospel". Share God's words in your own language. Be part of the "Great Commission"
Home   Search Articles   All Articles   Submit an Article Random Article   Contact Us
  08/20/2018, 01:04:45 AM Welcome Guest, Please LOGIN to your account or SIGNUP now
  Search Articles
 
Keyword
Exact phrase
All words (AND)
Any word (OR)
 
 
  Categories
  Christian "The...
  Christian...
  Christian...
  Christian Bible...
  Christian Education
  Christian Health
  Christian Interests
  Christian Jobs
  Christian Leadership
  Christian Living
  Christian Marriage
  Christian Ministry
  Christian Missions
  Christian Parenting
  Christian Prayers
  Christian Publishing
  Christian...
  Christian Salvation
  Christian Sports
  Christian...
 
  Authors
  Bob Valleau
  GotQuestions.org
  Adel Ghonim ????...
  James Sasse
  Rochelle Arnold
  Mick Alexander
  Dominic and...
  Dr. Surya Kumar...
  Marie-Helene and...
  Irina Mazur
More Authors List 
 
  Subscribe Articles
 
Email Address
Subscribe
Unsubscribe
 
 
  Our Sponsors
 
 
   
 
 Article
 History of the Bible

History of the Bible

The history of the Bible starts with a phenomenal account of history! It's not one book like I always thought -- It's an ancient collection of writings, comprised of 66 separate books, written over approximately 1,600 years, by at least 40 distinct authors. The Old Testament contains 39 books written from approximately 1500 to 400 BC, and the New Testament contains 27 books written from approximately 40 to 90 AD. The Jewish Bible (Tanakh) is the same as the Christian Old Testament, except for its book arrangement. The original Old Testament was written mainly in Hebrew, with some Aramaic, while the original New Testament was written in common Greek. 

The history of the "Bible" begins with the Jewish Scriptures. The historical record of the Jews was written down on leather scrolls and tablets over centuries, and the authors included kings, shepherds, prophets and other leaders. The first five books are called the Law, which were written and/or edited primarily by Moses in the early 1400's BC. Thereafter, other scriptural texts were written and collected by the Jewish people during the next 1,000 years. About 450 BC, the Law and the other Jewish Scriptures were arranged by councils of rabbis (Jewish teachers), who then recognized the complete set as the inspired and sacred authority of God (Elohim). At some time during this period, the books of the Hebrew Bible were arranged by topic, including The Law (Torah), the Prophets (Nebiim), and the Writings (Ketubim). The first letters of these Hebrew words - T, N and K -- form the name of the Hebrew Bible - the Tanakh. 1 

Beginning as early as 250 BC, the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek by Jewish scholars in Alexandria, Egypt. This translation became known as the "Septuagint", meaning 70, and referring to the tradition that 70 (probably 72) men comprised the translation team. It was during this process that the order of the books was changed to the order we have in today's Bible: Historical (Genesis - Esther), poetic (Job - Song of Songs), and prophetic (Isaiah - Malachi). 2 

Although the Jewish Scriptures were copied by hand, they were extremely accurate copy to copy. The Jews had a phenomenal system of scribes, who developed intricate and ritualistic methods for counting letters, words and paragraphs to insure that no copying errors were made. These scribes dedicated their entire lives to preserving the accuracy of the holy books. A single copy error would require the immediate destruction of the entire scroll. In fact, Jewish scribal tradition was maintained until the invention of the printing press in the mid-1400's AD. As far as manuscript accuracy, the recent discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls has confirmed the remarkable reliability of this scribal system over thousands of years 3 (I'll get back to the Dead Sea Scrolls later). 

After approximately 400 years of scriptural silence, Jesus arrived on the scene in about 4 BC. Throughout his teaching, Jesus often quotes the Old Testament, declaring that he did not come to destroy the Jewish Scriptures, but to fulfill them. In the Book of Luke, Jesus proclaims to his disciples, "all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me." 4 

Starting in about 40 AD, and continuing to about 90 AD, the eye-witnesses to the life of Jesus, including Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, James, Peter and Jude, wrote the Gospels, letters and books that became the Bible's New Testament. These authors quote from 31 books of the Old Testament, and widely circulate their material so that by about 150 AD, early Christians were referring to the entire set of writings as the "New Covenant." During the 200s AD, the original writings were translated from Greek into Latin, Coptic (Egypt) and Syriac (Syria), and widely disseminated as "inspired scripture" throughout the Roman Empire (and beyond). 5 In 397 AD, in an effort to protect the scriptures from various heresies and offshoot religious movements, the current 27 books of the New Testament were formally and finally confirmed and "canonized" in the Synod of Carthage. 6 

1 Henry H. Halley, Halley's Bible Handbook, 25th ed., Zondervan Publishing House, 2000, 1071.

2 Ibid.
3 Various, Zondervan Handbook to the Bible, Zondervan Publishing House, 1999, 64-65.
4 Luke 24:44, The Holy Bible, New King James Version, Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1982.
5 F.F. Bruce, The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable? 5th rev. ed., Intervarsity Press, 1960, 21-28.
6 Ibid., 27.

Source: Allaboutgod.com
Added By Admin
Category Christian Apologetics
Email Anonymous
Author Anonymous
Click Here to add this article to your favorite list. Add To Favorites Click Here to print this article. Print This Article
Click Here to email this article to someone you think will like it. Email Article To A Friend Click Here to post some comments for this article. Post Comments
 
Rate This Article (0)
Added On 09/10/2013 
 
 
  Login Here
 
Username
Password
Signup Now
Forgot password
 
 
  Top Rated
 
The Power in the...
05 - Principle 1...
No Midnight...
Healing - Why Not...
10 Popular Bible...
Will the Real...
 
 
  Most Popular
 
Humility - Article...
The Family, A...
Repentance - The...
Will the Real...
10 Popular Bible...
Healing - Why Not...
 
 
  Editor's Pick
 
To Tell the Truth
No Compromise on...
You Have Got to Be...
Your Calling is...
The Rapture
 
 
  Sponsor
 
 
   
 
   
 HOME | LOGIN | SIGNUP
SUBMIT AN ARTICLE | SEARCH ARTICLES | ALL ARTICLES
TERMS OF USE | PRIVACY POLICY | LEGAL POLICY | CONTACT US